SLD REST Service

The SLD Service is a GeoServer REST service that can be used to create SLD styles on published GeoServer layers doing a classification on the layer data, following user provided directives.

The purpose of the service is to allow clients to dynamically publish data and create simple styles on it.

All the services are published under the common prefix /rest/sldservice/{layer}, where layer is the layer to classify/query.

Query Vector Data Attributes

/attributes[.<format>]

Method

Action

Status code

Formats

Default Format

GET

Gets the list of attributes for the given layer (of vector type)

200

HTML, XML, JSON

HTML

The service can be used to get the attributes list for the given vector layer. This can be used by a client as a prerequisite for the classify service, to get all the attributes usable for classification and let the user choose one.

Examples

Get attributes for the states layer, in XML format

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/states/attributes.xml
<Attributes layer="states">
  <Attribute>
    <name>P_FEMALE</name>
    <type>Double</type>
  </Attribute>
  <Attribute>
    <name>HOUSHOLD</name>
    <type>Double</type>
  </Attribute>
  <Attribute>
    <name>SERVICE</name>
    <type>Double</type>
  </Attribute>
  ...
</Attributes>

Get attributes for the states layer, in JSON format

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/states/attributes.json
{
   "Attributes":{
      "@layer":"states",
      "Attribute":[
         {
            "name":"P_FEMALE",
            "type":"Double"
         },
         {
            "name":"HOUSHOLD",
            "type":"Double"
         },
         {
            "name":"SERVICE",
            "type":"Double"
         },
         ...
      ]
   }
}

Classify Raster and Vector Data

/classify[.<format>]

Method

Action

Status code

Formats

Default Format

GET

Create a set of SLD Rules for the given layer

200

HTML, XML, JSON

HTML

The service can be used to create a set of SLD rules for the given vector layer, specifying the attribute used for classification, the classification type (equalInterval, uniqueInterval, quantile, jenks, equalArea) and one of the predefined color ranges (red, blue, gray, jet, random, custom), together with some other optional parameters.

The same can be applied on a raster layer too, in order to classify its contents. Data from the first band is used by default, but a different one can be selected.

Using the CUSTOM ColorMap, startColor and endColor (and optionally midColor) have to be specified.

The parameters usable to customize the ColorMap are:

Parameter

Description

Values

Default Value

intervals

Number of intervals (rules) for the SLD

integer numeric value

2

attribute (mandatory)

Classification attribute

For vector layers, one of the layer attribute names, for raster layers, a band number (starting from one, like in the raster symbolizer)

No default for vectors, “1” for rasters

method

Classification method

equalInterval, uniqueInterval, quantile, jenks, equalArea

equalInterval

open

open or closed ranges

true, false

false

reverse

normal or inverted ranges

true, false

false

normalize

normalize (cast) attribute to double type (needed by some stores to handle integer types correctly)

true, false

false

ramp

color ranges to use

red, blue, gray, jet, random, custom

red

startColor

starting color for the custom ramp

endColor

ending color for the custom ramp

midColor

central color for the custom ramp

colors

list of comma delimited colors for the custom ramp (use this instead of startColor, endColor and midColor to specify colors in more detail)

strokeColor

color of the stroke, for points and polygons

BLACK

strokeWeight

weight of the stroke, for points and polygons (use a negative value to not include stroke in style)

1

pointSize

size of points

15

fullSLD

create a full valid SLD document, instead of the Rules fragment only

true or false

false

cache

append caching headers to the responses

expire time in seconds, use 0 to disable cache

600 (10 minutes)

viewparams

allows use of parametric views

view parameters in the usual format (<key>:<value>;…;<keyN>:<valueN>)

customClasses

allows specifying a set of custom classes (client driven style); no classes calculation will happen (method, intervals, etc. are ignored)

classes in the following format: <min>,<max>,<color>;…;<minN>,<maxN>,<colorN>)

bbox

allows to run the classification on a specific bounding box. Recommended when the overall dataset is too big, and the classification can be performed on a smaller dataset, or to enhance the visualization of a particular subset of data

same syntax as WMS/WFS, expected axis order is east/north unless the spatial reference system is explicitly provided, minx,miny,max,maxy[,srsName]

stddevs

limits the data the classifier is working on to a range of “stddevs” standard deviations around the mean value.

a positive floating-point number (e.g., ‘1’, ‘2.5’, ‘3’).

env

a list of environment variables that the underlying layer may be using to select features/rasters to be classified (e.g., by using the filter in vector and mosaic layer definitions)

a semicolon separate list of name to value assignments, e.g. name1:value1;name2:value2;name3:value3;...

continuous

used only for raster layers, if set to true will generate a raster palette that interpolates linearly between classified values

true|false

percentages

allows to obtain percentages of values in each class. For raster layers they will be included in the label of the ColorMapEntry, while for vector layer they will be placed in the rule title; in both cases they will be placed at the end of the text between parentheses.

true|false

percentagesScale

number of digits of percentages

default value is 1

Examples

A default (equalInterval) classification on the states layer LAND_KM attribute using a red based color range.

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/states/classify.xml?attribute=LAND_KM&ramp=red
<Rules>
  <Rule>
    <Title> &gt; 159.1 AND &lt;= 344189.1</Title>
    <Filter>
      <And>
        <PropertyIsGreaterThanOrEqualTo>
          <PropertyName>LAND_KM</PropertyName>
          <Literal>159.1</Literal>
        </PropertyIsGreaterThanOrEqualTo>
        <PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
          <PropertyName>LAND_KM</PropertyName>
          <Literal>344189.1</Literal>
        </PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
      </And>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#680000</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
  <Rule>
    <Title> &gt; 344189.1 AND &lt;= 688219.2</Title>
    <Filter>
      <And>
        <PropertyIsGreaterThan>
          <PropertyName>LAND_KM</PropertyName>
          <Literal>344189.1</Literal>
        </PropertyIsGreaterThan>
        <PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
          <PropertyName>LAND_KM</PropertyName>
          <Literal>688219.2</Literal>
        </PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
      </And>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#B20000</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
</Rules>

A uniqueInterval classification on the states layer SUB_REGION attribute using a red based color range.

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/states/classify.xml?attribute=SUB_REGION&ramp=red&method=uniqueInterval
<Rules>
  <Rule>
    <Title>E N Cen</Title>
    <Filter>
      <PropertyIsEqualTo>
        <PropertyName>SUB_REGION</PropertyName>
        <Literal>E N Cen</Literal>
      </PropertyIsEqualTo>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#330000</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
  <Rule>
    <Title>E S Cen</Title>
    <Filter>
      <PropertyIsEqualTo>
        <PropertyName>SUB_REGION</PropertyName>
        <Literal>E S Cen</Literal>
      </PropertyIsEqualTo>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#490000</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
  ...
</Rules>

A uniqueInterval classification on the states layer SUB_REGION attribute using a red based color range and 3 intervals.

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/states/classify.xml?attribute=SUB_REGION&ramp=red&method=uniqueInterval&intervals=3
<string>Intervals: 9</string>

A quantile classification on the states layer PERSONS attribute with a custom color ramp and 3 closed intervals.

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/states/classify.xml?attribute=PERSONS&ramp=CUSTOM&method=quantile&intervals=3&startColor=0xFF0000&endColor=0x0000FF
<Rules>
  <Rule>
    <Title> &gt; 453588.0 AND &lt;= 2477574.0</Title>
    <Filter>
      <And>
        <PropertyIsGreaterThanOrEqualTo>
          <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
          <Literal>453588.0</Literal>
        </PropertyIsGreaterThanOrEqualTo>
        <PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
          <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
          <Literal>2477574.0</Literal>
        </PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
      </And>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#FF0000</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
  <Rule>
    <Title> &gt; 2477574.0 AND &lt;= 4866692.0</Title>
    <Filter>
      <And>
        <PropertyIsGreaterThan>
          <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
          <Literal>2477574.0</Literal>
        </PropertyIsGreaterThan>
        <PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
          <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
          <Literal>4866692.0</Literal>
        </PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
      </And>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#AA0055</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
  <Rule>
    <Title> &gt; 4866692.0 AND &lt;= 2.9760021E7</Title>
    <Filter>
      <And>
        <PropertyIsGreaterThan>
          <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
          <Literal>4866692.0</Literal>
        </PropertyIsGreaterThan>
        <PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
          <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
          <Literal>2.9760021E7</Literal>
        </PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
      </And>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#5500AA</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
</Rules>

A quantile classification on the states layer PERSONS attribute with a custom color ramp and 3 open intervals.

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/states/classify.xml?attribute=PERSONS&ramp=CUSTOM&method=quantile&intervals=3&startColor=0xFF0000&endColor=0x0000FF&open=true
<Rules>
  <Rule>
    <Title> &lt;= 2477574.0</Title>
    <Filter>
      <PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
        <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
        <Literal>2477574.0</Literal>
      </PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#FF0000</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
  <Rule>
    <Title> &gt; 2477574.0 AND &lt;= 4866692.0</Title>
    <Filter>
      <And>
        <PropertyIsGreaterThan>
          <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
          <Literal>2477574.0</Literal>
        </PropertyIsGreaterThan>
        <PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
          <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
          <Literal>4866692.0</Literal>
        </PropertyIsLessThanOrEqualTo>
      </And>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#AA0055</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
  <Rule>
    <Title> &gt; 4866692.0</Title>
    <Filter>
      <PropertyIsGreaterThan>
        <PropertyName>PERSONS</PropertyName>
        <Literal>4866692.0</Literal>
      </PropertyIsGreaterThan>
    </Filter>
    <PolygonSymbolizer>
      <Fill>
        <CssParameter name="fill">#5500AA</CssParameter>
      </Fill>
      <Stroke/>
    </PolygonSymbolizer>
  </Rule>
</Rules>

Classify Raster Data

This resource is deprecated, as the classify endpoint can now also handle raster data

/rasterize[.<format>]

Method

Action

Status code

Formats

Default Format

GET

Create a ColorMap SLD for the given layer (of coverage type)

200

HTML, XML, JSON, SLD

HTML

The service can be used to create a ColorMap SLD for the given coverage, specifying the type of ColorMap (VALUES, INTERVALS, RAMP) and one of the predefined color ranges (RED, BLUE, GRAY, JET, RANDOM, CUSTOM).

Using the CUSTOM ColorMap, startColor and endColor (and optionally midColor) have to be specified.

The parameters usable to customize the ColorMap are:

Parameter

Description

Values

Default Value

min

Minimum value for classification

double numeric value

0.0

max

Maximum value for classification

double numeric value

100.0

classes

Number of classes for the created map

integer numeric value

100

digits

Number of fractional digits for class limits (in labels)

integer numeric value

5

type

ColorMap type

INTERVALS, VALUES, RAMP

RAMP

ramp

ColorMap color ranges

RED, BLUE, GRAY, JET, RANDOM, CUSTOM

RED

startColor

starting color for the CUSTOM ramp

endColor

ending color for the CUSTOM ramp

midColor

central color for the CUSTOM ramp

cache

append caching headers to the responses

expire time in seconds, use 0 to disable cache

600 (10 minutes)

Examples

A RED color ramp with 5 classes

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/sfdem/rasterize.sld?min=0&max=100&classes=5&type=RAMP&ramp=RED&digits=1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<sld:StyledLayerDescriptor xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/sld" xmlns:sld="http://www.opengis.net/sld" xmlns:ogc="http://www.opengis.net/ogc" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml" version="1.0.0">
    <sld:NamedLayer>
        <sld:Name>Default Styler</sld:Name>
        <sld:UserStyle>
            <sld:Name>Default Styler</sld:Name>
            <sld:FeatureTypeStyle>
                <sld:Name>name</sld:Name>
                <sld:FeatureTypeName>gray</sld:FeatureTypeName>
                <sld:Rule>
                    <sld:RasterSymbolizer>
                        <sld:ColorMap>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#000000" opacity="0" quantity="-1.0E-9" label="transparent"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#420000" opacity="1.0" quantity="0.0" label="0.0"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#670000" opacity="1.0" quantity="25.0" label="25.0"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#8B0000" opacity="1.0" quantity="50.0" label="50.0"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#B00000" opacity="1.0" quantity="75.0" label="75.0"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#D40000" opacity="1.0" quantity="100.0" label="100.0"/>
                        </sld:ColorMap>
                    </sld:RasterSymbolizer>
                </sld:Rule>
            </sld:FeatureTypeStyle>
        </sld:UserStyle>
    </sld:NamedLayer>
</sld:StyledLayerDescriptor>

A CUSTOM color ramp with 5 classes, with colors ranging from RED (0xFF0000) to BLUE (0x0000FF).

curl -v -u admin:geoserver -XGET
  http://localhost:8080/geoserver/rest/sldservice/sfdem/rasterize.sld?min=0&max=100&classes=5&type=RAMP&ramp=CUSTOM&digits=1&startColor=0xFF0000&endColor=0x0000FF
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<sld:StyledLayerDescriptor xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/sld" xmlns:sld="http://www.opengis.net/sld" xmlns:ogc="http://www.opengis.net/ogc" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml" version="1.0.0">
    <sld:NamedLayer>
        <sld:Name>Default Styler</sld:Name>
        <sld:UserStyle>
            <sld:Name>Default Styler</sld:Name>
            <sld:FeatureTypeStyle>
                <sld:Name>name</sld:Name>
                <sld:FeatureTypeName>gray</sld:FeatureTypeName>
                <sld:Rule>
                    <sld:RasterSymbolizer>
                        <sld:ColorMap>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#000000" opacity="0" quantity="-1.0E-9" label="transparent"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#FF0000" opacity="1.0" quantity="0.0" label="0.0"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#CC0033" opacity="1.0" quantity="25.0" label="25.0"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#990066" opacity="1.0" quantity="50.0" label="50.0"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#660099" opacity="1.0" quantity="75.0" label="75.0"/>
                            <sld:ColorMapEntry color="#3300CC" opacity="1.0" quantity="100.0" label="100.0"/>
                        </sld:ColorMap>
                    </sld:RasterSymbolizer>
                </sld:Rule>
            </sld:FeatureTypeStyle>
        </sld:UserStyle>
    </sld:NamedLayer>
</sld:StyledLayerDescriptor>