STAC data store

Configuring a Store

In addition to the parameters common to each DataStore configuration such as workspace, name and description, and the common HTTP connector parameters, such as connection pooling, using GZIP, user name and password, the page shows the following connection parameters in the dedicated section:

  • landingPage: this should point to the landing page of the target STAC API

  • fetchSize: how many items the store will try to fetch per page. The actual number is in control of the server, the store will simply try to suggest this value.

  • featureTypeItems: how many items to read in order to guess the structure of the feature type (GeoServer in general needs a predictable structure)

  • hardLimit: maximum amount of items to fetch from the STAC store, in any request (it’s a good idea to pose a limit, as many STAC APIs host millions of items, and the data transfer is not particularly efficient due to the large size of items, and the paged transfer)


STAC datastore configuration

STAC items are multi-temporal, so it’s advisable to configure the time dimension when setting up the layer, using the datetime attribute. This will allow time navigation and reduce the number of items returned to a more manageable subset:


Setting up time for the layers

Mosaicking images from a STAC store

STAC items may point to actual image files among its “assets” data structure. Assets are a top level object, not part of the Feature properties, that the store makes available to the image mosaic for image mosaicking purposes. The images in question must be Cloud Optimized GeoTIFFs and the COG plugin must be installed in GeoServer.

The STAC store can then be used as the index of an image mosaic, setting up two configuration files:

  • A pointing at the configured STAC server.

  • A indicating the collection to use, setup for the COG usage, and the location of the asset providing the images.

Simple mosaic setup

Here is an example, pointing at an existing STAC store already configured in GeoServer:


And here is an


Notes about the file contents:

  • The time dimension is set up and linked to the datetime attribute

  • The mosaic is setup to allow heterogeneous resolution images, but in this particular case, assumes that all images are in the same CRS.

  • The TypeName property points to the target STAC collection.

  • The LocationAttribute uses a JSONPointer to the desired asset URL.

  • MaxInitTiles is configured so that the image mosaic does not try to scan the entire index to figure out a common image structure, only the first 10 items returned by the STAC API will be used for auto-configuration.

Multi-band mosaic setup

It’s also possible to mosaic images whose bands are offered as separate images and in different coordinate reference systems, with a more complex setup. Here is an example for a false color Sentinel 2 mosaic, using a coverage view to merge the images back into a single RGB composite.

The configures two new properties, enabling query caching (as the coverage view machinery will load each band in turn, repeating the same queries):


The indexer must instead be provided in XML format, to configure multiple coverage and their attributes:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
     <domain name="time">
     <domain name="crs">
        <domain ref="time" />
        <domain ref="crs" />
          <parameter name="LocationAttribute" value="assets/B04/href" />
        <domain ref="time" />
        <domain ref="crs" />
          <parameter name="LocationAttribute" value="assets/B03/href" />
        <domain ref="time" />
        <domain ref="crs" />
          <parameter name="LocationAttribute" value="assets/B02/href" />
      <parameter name="MosaicCRS" value="EPSG:4326" />
      <parameter name="AbsolutePath" value="true" />
      <parameter name="Cog" value="true" />
      <parameter name="Heterogeneous" value="true" />
      <parameter name="HeterogeneousCRS" value="true" />
      <parameter name="UseExistingSchema" value="true" />
      <parameter name="TypeName" value="S2_L2A_MSI_COG" />
      <parameter name="MaxInitTiles" value="10"/>

Some notes about the configuration:

  • The time and crs attributes are declared as dimensions.

  • Each coverage has a different LocationAttribute specification.

  • The mosaic heterogeneous CRS support is enabled.

Once the mosaic is configured in GeoServer, create a new coverage view setting up the bands according to the desired order:


Creating a coverage view from a multi-band mosaic

Also remember to configure the time dimension for this layer, for the same reasons explained in the vector data section above.